As with all other literary genres, an author must first learn to write screenplays. A script is not comparable to a regular book and is not read by readers who like to pass the time, such as with a novel or want to inform with a non-fiction book about specific content.
There are completely different requirements for a script, and so the approach is different. However, the scripting guide begins like the tutorials for nearly all creative typing.
In the beginning there is the preparatory work, which is about to clarify the most important questions and points.
The idea for the script should first be presented in a few sentences. The main idea is to put the idea and the topic in a nutshell in two to five sentences. This step is important for two reasons.
On the one hand, the author thus provides guidance that makes it easier for him to stick to his core topic and prevents him from deviating too much from the actual topic while writing, or distorting the core message of the film.
On the other hand, the summary shows whether the story can even be implemented in a film. Stories that have multiple themes or that can not be summarized in a few sentences are simply too complicated for a movie.
A script usually builds on a fundamental conflict or problem. This conflict provides the script for the script, because the story develops on the basis of this conflict. However, it is important that the action is not foreseen from the beginning if possible, but that there are always new obstacles and obstacles that make resolving the conflict more difficult.
To write a self-consistent script, the author should set the genre as early as possible. A comedy has different requirements than a love movie, and a horror movie has to meet different criteria than a thriller or thriller. The choice of the genre is important, as it determines the structure and structure of the script as well as the story itself.
In most movies, a few major themes play the central role, such as love, revenge, justice or freedom. Out of these basic themes, there are an infinite number of possible stories. But it is important that the film does not act in a straight line, because otherwise the story is banal, boring and predictable.
A good script is characterized by the fact that the story takes turns that were not to be expected, but nevertheless fit the movie characters. In other words, a good script provides the basis for a movie that captivates viewers, cheering them on with the main characters, and wondering what will happen in the next scenes.
For the figures, these should be as concrete as possible and should be as interesting and unique as possible. The characters are given depth by their particular strengths and weaknesses, their unusual biography, a special appearance or characteristic quirks. Often enough, however, even trivialities, because if the author thinks too well, the characters quickly seem implausible and the obvious intentions of the author too clumsy.
The final step of the preparations then consists of making an exposé. This is similar to a kind of essay, which means that the story is told on one to four pages. However, only the story is told, dialogues or the like are not integrated. The exposé serves as a blueprint for the author and at the same time as a valuation basis for production companies.
Based on the synopsis and the previous considerations, the actual script can be written. In this context, the monologues and dialogues are formulated. In general, when writing screenplays, the story must be told clearly.
This means that the actual story consists of short, clear sentences, contains as few directional instructions as possible, no invisible actions, and dispenses with unimportant details, for example in describing places. In addition, the tenses of present tense apply to scripts, so history is written in the present.
Important tips for writing scripts
In addition to this basic guide, there are some important tips for writing scripts. Of course a movie needs a good, interesting and meaningful title. This can consist of a word or a sentence, but it is important that he has an interest in the script and the later
However, the title does not necessarily have to be fixed from the very beginning, in many cases, a matching title is the result of writing. For plays it is customary to preface a page introducing the main characters.
With scripts, however, this is superfluous, because the character of the characters must be recognizable from the story and the actions. On average, a movie lasts 90 minutes, 120 minutes in length are rarer and overlong films are the absolute exception.
Transferred to the script this means that one page of the script should be about one minute of film. A screenplay has thus on average about 90 pages and at this guideline the author should also necessarily hold.
Experienced editors will quickly find out if a script is too long and this can quickly lead to premature termination.